Earnings greater than the 75th percentile 61.50% Earnings from 50th to 75th percentiles 37.30% Earnings from 25th to 50th percentiles 20.10% Earnings less than or equal to the 25th percentile 9.20%
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Source:?U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics,?Job Flexibilities and Work Schedules — 2017–2018 Data from the American Time Use Survey

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Further, a great share of these workers who can’t work from home are in the leisure and hospitality industry. As seen in the figure below, only 8.8% of leisure and hospitality workers are able to telework, versus more than 50% of workers in financial activities, professional and businesses services, and information.

Figure C

Workers in leisure and hospitality are least able to work from home: Share of workers who can telework, by industry, 2017–2018

Industry Share of workers who would work at home
Financial activities 57.4%
Professional and business services 53.4%
Information 53.3%
Manufacturing 30.3%
Public administration 29.8%
Other services 27.7%
Education and health services 25.9%
Construction 17.2%
Wholesale and retail trade 16.5%
Transportation and utilities 14.0%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing,?and hunting 11.1%
Leisure and hospitality 8.8%
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These workers who cannot work from home—particularly those in retail and hospitality—also find their jobs at risk as social distancing keeps people from engaging in their normal activities. And workers who must continue to go to work, including all the health care workers on the front lines of the fight against the pandemic, are putting their health at risk.

To make matters worse, those who have children have to navigate continuing to work while also providing adequate care for their children as schools shut their doors. Among all workers, only 34.9% of parents in households with children can telework. This means that not only are their jobs vulnerable, but the care of their children may be as well.

Congress has begun to address the crisis with passage of the Family First Coronavirus Response Act, which provides, among other things, limited increases to paid sick leave coverage, nutrition assistance, and unemployment insurance. But it’s not nearly enough. There are substantial loopholes in the paid sick coverage provided, and it will do little to help the estimated 3 million workers, including 900,000 leisure and hospitality workers, who will lose their jobs by this summer.

In short, the federal government needs to fuel household consumption by greatly expanding unemployment insurance benefits and sending payments directly to U.S. families; giving substantial aid to state and local governments; providing tax credits to encourage businesses not to lay off workers; making direct government purchases of medical equipment and testing research and technology to fight the virus; and keep making all those investments while conditions warrant it.

In the meantime, it’s important to remember those workers who continue to go to their workplaces because that’s the only way they can financially support themselves and their families.